What is Learner Agency
Learner agency is an intricate combination of students having a say in their experience (voice), an active part in the decision-making about their learning experience (choice) and they are personally invested in the process (responsibility). (Adapted from the work of Chris Harte and Summer Howarth in "Renegotiating learning in a hybrid world.")
Learner agency is about having the power, combined with choices, to take meaningful action and see the results of your decisions. It can be thought of as a catalyst for change or transformation. Within a school context, Learner Agency is about shifting the ownership of learning from teachers to students, enabling students to have the understanding, ability, and opportunity to be part of the learning design and to take action to intervene in the learning process, to affect outcomes and become powerful lifelong learners.
Students have voice, choice and ownership for their own learning.
When students’ have agency, the relationship between the teacher and students becomes a partnership.
Students with a strong sense of self-efficacy bring a stronger sense of agency to the learning community.
The learning community supports agency and fosters self-efficacy.
Source: ibo.org / Core Eduction
What is Learner Agency?
What Is Learner Agency?
Source: Assessment Learning Network
Students Demonstrate Agency When They:
influence and direct their own learning make choices
ask questions and express wonderings
construct new meanings
participate in and contribute to the learning community.
I'm the Kind of Kid Who . . .: Invitations That Support Learner Identity and AgencyBy: Debbie Miller and Emily Callahan
"I'm the Kind of Kid Who . . .: Invitations That Support Learner Identity and Agency" is a professional development book for educators written by Debbie Miller and Emily Callahan. The book provides guidance and strategies for helping students develop their identities and agency as learners.
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Amazon.com: ISBN-13 :978-0325132389 / Heinemann (April 25, 2022) / 168 pages
As a professional development resource, "I'm the Kind of Kid Who . . .: Invitations That Support Learner Identity and Agency" could be used in an inquiry-based instructional setting to support the professional growth of educators and help them develop strategies for promoting student agency and identity in their classrooms.
Here are a few ways that the book could be used in an inquiry-based lesson:
As a starting point for a discussion about student identity and agency: After reading the book, you could ask educators to reflect on their own practices and consider how they can create an environment that supports student identity and agency.
As a source of ideas and strategies: Educators could use the book as a resource for finding new ideas and strategies for promoting student identity and agency in their classrooms.
As a basis for an inquiry-based project: Educators could use the book as a starting point for an inquiry-based project focused on student identity and agency. This could involve researching best practices and developing a plan for implementing these strategies in their classrooms.
Debbie Miller and Emily Callahan believe that it all begins with choice. In "I'm the Kind of Kid Who . . .: Invitations That Support Learner Identity and Agency" they provide a framework for introducing choice making in small, medium, and large ways through "invitations" that ask children to consider:
What if you could choose where you want to work?
What if you could choose your own materials?
What if you could choose to learn more about yourself as a reader?
What if you could choose to do what readers do in the world?
What if you could choose what you want to explore, investigate and study?
What if you could choose how to share your thinking and learning?
Debbie and Emily use a predictable structure to describe each invitation from beginning to end, offering practical suggestions for how to fit invitations within the day and across the year.
"There are no magical programs to call upon to develop learner identity and agency" write Debbie and Emily, "because the truth is, children and their teachers don't need them! What kids really need are invitations from their teachers to discover themselves for themselves, invitations that encourage them to find out even more about who they are, how they learn and what they need to thrive."
Overall, "I'm the Kind of Kid Who . . .: Invitations That Support Learner Identity and Agency" is a valuable resource for educators looking to support the development of student identity and agency in their classrooms.
Agency in PYP
Cycle of Agency
School Should Be Like A Video Game, Not A MovieClick/Tap to Read Article
My daughter came home in January one day after school, very excited. She is in 7th grade and it was the first time in her schooling experience that she had some choice in her courses for the following year.
“We get to pick our classes for next year”, she said to my wife and me. “I don’t know what to choose. Should I do…”, and she rattled off all her various choices.
As she started to go down the path of making these choices, she eventually became bogged down in “what she was supposed to do”. Was she supposed to take an advanced science class instead of another special? Was she supposed to leave room for advisory/study hall or jam pack her schedule?
We said it was up to her what she wanted to do, but she was looking for input during our conversation on what she was supposed to do.
School As A Movie
This was not the first time I had this conversation. I had it countless times before as a middle school and high school teacher. Students asked what they were supposed to do, instead of making the choice that they really wanted. Whether it was a middle school student asking about classes that would help as they went to high school, or a high school student asking about decisions that would impact their future resumes or college applications.
Many students believed that school was like a movie and they were just playing a role. In a movie there is a set beginning, middle and ending. We know how most movies go, we understand that there will be a character that struggles, finds what they want, loses what they want, and ultimately either gets it back (or never does).
They believe that school follows the same plot. And to succeed at school the easiest way is to look at how others are playing out these roles and follow what you are supposed to do.
The problem, as most of us can attest to, is that is not how life works. If there was a set path that led to success for everyone, we wouldn’t be where we are right now. There are multiple paths, multiple choices, many opportunities, many challenges, and ultimately an individual path for a variety of outcomes.
School As A Video Game
Imagine if students believed school was more like a video game than a movie.
In a movie, there is a set beginning, middle, and ending, but in a video game you get to chose where to go, what to do, and how the story unfolds.
Movies are often watched alone and in silence. Video games are much better when you play with someone else, talking and enjoying the journey.
In a video game when you are struggling it’s not over, you restart and get another chance.
In a video game, you are going to make mistakes, have ups and downs, and learn every time you play together. In fact, it’s the act of continued playing of the game that makes you improve and get better.
Now imagine if we changed our system of school to support this shift:
Students with more opportunities for classes that connected to their interests
Students with more chances at success after struggling
Students with more collaborative challenges and quests they could work on together to accomplish
Students with more options for what to learn in their classes, more options for how to demonstrate their learning, and more options for showcasing their work with a real audience
How would kids respond if schools were more like a video game and less like a movie?
How can we make this shift?
Strategies That Support Learner AgencyClick/Tap to View
4 Ways to Build Agency
Agency is Like...
Cultivating Learner Agency
Source Website: Edutopia
This article from Edutopia points out that elementary students may stay more engaged in school if they feel that their voice matters in their learning experiences. The article explains how learner agency includes identity, belonging, mastery, and efficacy.
Encouraging Student Questions
Source Website: Toddle
This resource, created by Toddle, will introduce you to ways of establishing a culture of questioning and give you 5 take-home strategies on how to elicit strong, deep student questions that drive effective learning. It is designed as a presentation, you can use it for workshops with teachers, peers, and parents!
Articles That Support Learner AgencyClick/Tap to View
Teacher Moves That Cultivate Learner Agency |Edutopia | May 4, 2022 | Cultivating learner agency is an endless journey. It not only entails knowing our students as human beings but also requires identifying and unlearning patterns in our teaching that unknowingly engender dependence in learners.
Simplifying Agency: 5 Habits for Valuing Student Voice |Toddle | Agency can seem like a daunting concept. We want to empower our students to have the efficacy they will need to react to life’s challenges – to have the language and skills to take control of their own learning and growth, but how can we foster this in the classroom?
The Importance of Student Choice Across All Grade Levels | Edutopia | Sep 16, 2021 | When students get to make decisions about their learning, it can be powerfully motivating.
5 Ways Student Choice Impacts Learning | AJ Juliani | Choice gives students the ability to go above and beyond our curricular limitations. Learn about five specific ways student choice impacts learning.
Getting Students on the Road to Self-Advocacy | Edutopia | 1 July, 2021 | With some simple supports, students in grades 3 to 8 can take the wheel and assume some responsibility for their learning journey.
Agency in the Planning Process | By Anne van Dam | The SharingPYP Blog | 7 April 2021
Agency Requires Building Character
Agency Requires Being Creative
What Agentic Learners Do Poster
Learner Agency in an Innovative Learning Environment
An example of student agency in a Hallswell school in Australia. Take a look at "Open Planned Classrooms."
Stepping Out of Your Comfort Zone
Empowering Collaborative Learners
Empowering Student Agency Through PBL
Run Time: 1:42:11- Nov 18, 2021
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Drew Perkins talks with Gever Tulley, founder of Tinkering School and SF Brightworks, about their use of PBL to develop student agency and deeper learning that works.
Links & Resources Mentioned In This Episode:
Source: The TeachThought Podcast
Creating A PYP Student Leadership Profile
Source Website: Seisen International School
This document was created by Grade 5 students at Seisen International School, Japan, during a leadership week. You can view the entire process here.
Are We Preparing Students To Be Chefs or Cooks
Source website: A.J. Juliani
Is the goal of education to have learners that are compliant, follow the rules, and can do what they are told? Or is it something more? Are we looking to help students prepare themselves for anything? Encouraging agency... voice, choice and responsibility?In this video, A.J. Juliani takes a look at the difference between "chef-like behaviors" vs "cook-like behaviors" and ask the big question: What is the purpose of schooling? Definitely worth a watch.
Impactful Learner Agency
Chicago based digital learning coordinator Jennie Magiera talks about meaningful change - not change for the sake of change but transformation that is focused on improving learning and experiences for students. Jennie emphasizes the need to reinstate curiosity, scaffold the release of responsibility to our students, show them how to follow their passion and the importance of resilience.
Promoting Learner Agency
At the Teachers Matter Conference 2016, Karen started with the big picture of education and the changes coming. She then explores the underlying philosophies of the Modern Learning Environment and practical ways to develop student agency.
Connect Learner Agency to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Our goal as agentic individuals should be to learn about the Goals, to teach them to others and to take action wherever you live. Click on the link below to learn more. Navigate to: Sustainable Goals (SDG)
A Future of the World's Children
This film presents the key findings of the seminal WHO-UNICEF-Lancet report “A Future for the World’s Children?” to help governments, communities and industry make real change for the world’s children. Only by working together, with children at the center of our political, economic and social action, can we give them agency to make a world that’s worthy of and for them.
5th Grade Dance Party...
A Pathway to Curiosity and Engagement
An example of student agency during morning soft entry at Waukee School. Students are given agency to make choices of where to go and what to do each morning.
The students created their own school song. Take a look HERE.