"It is a curious situation that the sea, from which life first arose should now be threatened by the activities of one form of that life. But the sea, though changed in a sinister way, will continue to exist; the threat is rather to life itself."
We exploit an ocean resource (whether animal, plant or other) when we profit from it so that we can improve our living conditions. Sustainable exploitation is that which satisfies the needs of the present without compromising those of the future generation.
About 20% of the world’s coral reefs have been destroyed with no possible recovery. About 24% of the remaining reefs are threatened with extinction in the short-term due to human activity and 26% are threatened with extinction in the long term. Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97% of the Earth’s water, and represent 99% of the living space on the planet by volume. Oceans contain 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions, many still waiting to be discovered.
Learning About SDG 14
SDG 14 Explained
The ocean covers three quarters of the Earth’s surface and represents 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume.
The ocean contains nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions.
As much as 40 percent of the ocean is heavily affected by pollution, depleted fisheries, loss of coastal habitats and other human activities.
The ocean absorbs about 30 percent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming.
More than 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods.
The market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at US$3 trillion per year, about 5 percent of global GDP.
SDG 14 Info
SDG 14 Info
SDG 14 Info
SDG 14 Info
UN Ocean Biodiversity Treaty - March 2023
Website: UN Sustainable Development Goals
This website provides facts, targets, printouts, links and related stories and videos about SDG 14 - Life Below Water.
Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically. With the number of people living within cities projected to rise to 5 billion people by 2030, it’s important that efficient urban planning and management practices are in place to deal with the challenges brought by urbanization.
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Many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity without straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing, declining infrastructure and rising air pollution within cities.
Website: SDG Goal Tracker
SDG 14 Targets
This website provides facts, targets, and related stories about programmes contributing to SDG 14 - Life Below Water.
14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Website: UN Development Programme
This website provides facts, and related stories about SDG 14 - Life Below Water.
The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change.
Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, reaching below the level at which they can produce sustainable yields.
Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Marine pollution, an overwhelming majority of which comes from land-based sources, is reaching alarming levels, with an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter to be found on every square kilometre of ocean.
The SDGs aim to sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems from pollution, as well as address the impacts of ocean acidification. Enhancing conservation and the sustainable use of ocean-based resources through international law will also help mitigate some of the challenges facing our oceans.